ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute  

Research Activities

Research Activities

Programme 1: Development of improved varieties
Objectives
  • To develop early bulking and short duration varieties (60 & 75 days) suitable for early and main plantings to fit in intensive cropping system.
  • To develop medium maturing (75 & 90 days), high yielding varieties with field resistance to late blight and good keeping quality.
  • To develop medium maturing (75 & 90 days) high yielding varieties preferable with red skin tubers possessing field resistance to late blight and good keeping quality.
  • Development of production technology of new varieties and promising advance stage hybrids.
  • To develop varieties and production technology for producing potatoes suitable for processing and export purposes.
  • Development of high yielding early bulking and hardy TPS populations with moderate resistance to late blight through recurrent breeding.
  • Evaluation of populations for early bulking and hardiness.
  • Selection of TPS parental lines flowering under natural short day conditions.
  • Exploitation of dihaploidy for homogeneity.
  • Budget allocated: Rs 639.0 lakhs
Programme 2: Biotechnology in potato improvement
Objectives
  • Development of potato transgenics for reduction of cold-induced sweetening.
  • Genome sequencing of potato and pathogens and studies on structural genomics.
  • Studies on potato functional genomics with reference to tuberization and late blight resistance.
  • Production of potato somatic hybrids using wild species.
  • Budget allocated: Rs 3569.5 lakhs
Programme 3: Management and enhancement of potato germplasm
Objectives
  • Collection of need based germplasm including varieties, parental lines and wild and semi-cultivated species.
  •  Conservation of germplasm through vegetative propagation, as true seeds and in in vitro.
  • Morphological and molecular characterization of germplasm.
  • Evaluation of the collection for adaptability, processing quality and reaction to abiotic and biotic stresses namely early planting, late blight, bacterial wilt, potato tuber moth, hopper burn and mites, cyst nematodes, stem necrosis, viruses etc.
  • Documentation and computerization of data in retrievable form.
  • Genetic enhancement of Tuberosum and Andigena germplasm.
  • Budget allocated: Rs 567.7 lakhs
Programme 4:   Resource management strategies and information technology tools for potato based cropping systems
Objectives
  • Evaluation of different potato based cropping systems and develop resource management strategies.
  • Develop resource management strategies for sustaining productivity of potato in low productivity areas.
  • Evaluate recent molecules and herbicides and develop integrated weed management practices for potato.
  • Develop decision support tools for potato crop scheduling.
  • Development and refinement of decision support tools for nutrient and water management in potato.
  • Use of IT tools for effective targeting of production systems.
  • Develop data base and web enabling of Decision support systems/tools.
  •  Acreage and production estimation of potato using remote sensing and GIS (in collaboration with Space Applications Centre, ISRO,  Ahmedabad).
  • Budget allocated: Rs 815.0 lakhs
Programme 5: Management of late blight
Objectives
  • Study of structure and dynamics of P. infestans using biological and molecular markers.
  • Determination of latent infection in seed tubers and inoculum in soil and its quantification.
  • Study of epidemiology of late blight under climate change.
  • Management of disease through use of forecasting models & decision support system, fungicides, botanicals and bio-agents.
  • To breed and select high yielding, late blight resistant genotypes with medium maturity suitable for cultivation in Indian hills and plateau regions.
  • Development of parental lines having multiple disease resistance
  • Gene pyramiding using marker assisted selection.
  • Budget allocated: Rs 1517.1 lakhs
Programme 6: Production of breeder seed of potato through conventional and
Hi-tech system
Objectives
  • To develop virus free basic material of commercial varieties trough meristem tip culture and testing by ELISA, PCR for its maintenance and production by micropropagation.
  • To select disease free clones through tuber indexing against different viruses, multiplication and inspection of seed crop.
  • To produce and supply disease free nucleus and breeder seed stocks of potato cultivars included in national seed production programme.
  • Comparison of crop raised with tissue culture vs conventional seed tubers.
  • Monitoring of aphid population build up in seed potato crop during crop season.
  • Virus profiling in different potato growing regions of India.
  • Management of soil and tuber-borne diseases in seed potato crop at farm level (Black scurf and Common scab).
  • Study on phenotypic changes during hi-tech seed potato production system.
  • Exploring possibilities for early planting of seed potato crop.
  • Standardization of techniques for aeroponic seed potato production.
  • Study on field performance of aeroponically produced seed tubers.
  • Study on storage behaviour of aeroponically produced seed tubers.
  • To standardize the cultivar specific medium for micro-propagation and study its effect during in vivo multiplication.
  • To standardize the methodology for enhancing the in vivo establishment of micro-plants and microtubers.
  • To standardize the methodology for pelleting, priming, dormancy breaking and storage of microtubers and reducing proportion of <3 g minitubers in G-0.
  • Budget allocated: Rs 2040.2 lakhs
Programme 7: Nutrients and water management
Objectives
  • To develop spatial variable maps of available nutrients in potato growing pockets based on sample analysis. Classification of developed maps using appropriate geo-statistic tool based on nutrient content and their validation.
  • To delineate nutrient deficiency in potato growing areas and forecasting of nutrient imbalances and deficiencies and preparation of nutrient management map for recommending area specific management strategy.
  • Establishing relationship among leaf chlorophyll content, leaf N content and tuber yield in important cultivars. Developing real time N management based on chlorophyll content index and leaf colour chart.
  • Use of the omission plot technique to determine the requirements of N, P and K fertilizers, to overcome P and K deficiencies and avoid the mining of these nutrients from the soil.
  • To develop nutrient/water use efficient cultivars for northern plains and screen/test germplasm collection and advance breeding lines to identify desirable nutrient and water efficient parental lines.
  • Studies on root parameters as related to N, P and K use efficiency of potato cultivars.
  • To compare micro-irrigation systems in potato.
  • Variety and growth period specific water requirement of potato.
  • Enhancing water use efficiency through film hole method and role of K in reducing water stress under rainfed hill conditions.
  • Budget allocated: Rs 390.7 lakhs
Programme 8:   Physiological and genetic approaches in managing heat and water stress under sub- tropical environment in potato
Objectives
  • Impart heat tolerance in new potato varieties that is at least 2OC higher than Kufri Surya.
  • Impart drought tolerance so that developed varieties have higher water use efficiency and can save at least 25% water for comparative tuber yield.
  • To develop agro-practices for realizing maximum productivity under heat and drought stress.
  • Budget allocated: Rs 353.7 lakhs
Programme 9:   Molecular characterization, detection and management of potato pathogens
Objectives
  • Collection and molecular characterization of major pathogens (Ralstonia solanacearum, Alternaria spp., Rhizoctonia solani, Fusarium spp.) and pests (white flies and thrips) of potato.
  • Effect of climate change on genome evolution of pathogens.
  • Host-pathogen interaction study for virus diseases and late blight.
  • Standardization of diagnostic tools for detection of major potato pathogens.
  • Mass multiplication of potato viruses and antisera production.
  • Diagnosis and detection of viruses in field samples, tissue cultured materials, and germplasm using ELISA, RT-PCR, NASH, Immuno Electron Microscopy (IEM), and Real Time PCR.
  • Screening mericlones of cultivated/newly released Indian potato varieties for virus freedom.
  • Screening of potato germplasm for resistance to different viruses.
  • Post-entry quarantine testing of imported germplasm.
  • Cloning and validation of genes conferring resistance to late blight, bacterial wilt and viruses.
  • Cloning of promoter and gene constructs for transformation.
  • Development of transgenics resistant to late blight, bacterial wilt and viruses.
  • Budget allocated: Rs 776.0 lakhs
Programme 10: Nutrient dynamics studies on long term manurial/ fertilizer application and organic farming in potato production
Objectives
  • To study the effect of application of organic manures, crop residues and inorganic fertilizers on sustainable crop production in three promising potato based cropping systems.
  • To study the different approaches of organic farming in potato production and their effect on soil fertility, disease/pest incidence and microbial population.
  • To study the long term effect of organic production on tuber quality.
  • Study the effect of application of organic manure, crop residue and inorganic    fertilizers on soil properties, pest complex and soil micro flora and quality of crops grown in promising potato based cropping systems.
  • Study the pesticide residue in soil and crop produce.
  • Budget allocated: Rs 275.0 lakhs
Programme 11:    Potato Storage: Efficient and eco-friendly method for improved quality
Objectives
  • Identification of environment friendly compounds for dormancy prolonging and sprout inhibition in potatoes.
  • Use of residue free sprout suppressants in table and processing potatoes under refrigerated and non-refrigerated storage.
  • Investigating the changes in physiological and biochemical attributes and plant growth regulators associated with dormancy and sprouting.
  • Correlation between changes in growth regulators and biochemical attributes during different phases of tuber life cycle.
  • To define pre-harvest biomarkers (tuber maturity and curing) for improved storability and processing quality of potatoes in heaps & at 12oC.
  • To study biochemical changes/ enzymes associated with physiological ageing in potatoes.
  • Use of CIPC for sprout inhibition and reducing losses during transportation of potatoes for export.
  • Budget allocated: Rs 311.25  lakhs
 Programme 12: Characterization, detection and management of major soil and
 tuber borne pathogens of potato
Objectives
  • Collection of Ralstonia solanacearum, Streptomyces species and Rhizoctonia solani isolates, associated with bacterial wilt, common scab and black scurf diseases of potato from different potato growing areas of the country and their maintenance.
  • Phylotype, race and biovar identification of R. solanacearum isolates from various parts of the country.
  • Identification and molecular characterisation of Streptomyces species, associated with common scab of potato.
  • Molecular marker development for specific identification of  anastomosis group of Rhizoctonia solani isolates from various parts of the country.
  • Standardize DNA detection tools for reliable detection of latent infection by R. solanacearum.
  • To develop and evaluate new products for management of major tuber diseases of potato.
  • To manage common scab of potato through regulating soil moisture.
  • To manage major tuber borne diseases through soil and seed treatments with commercially available biocontrol agents, biopesticides, safe chemicals and incorporation of crop residues.
  •  To develop efficient and cost effective schedules for management of major soil and tuber diseases of potato.
  • Budget allocated: Rs 520.77 lakhs
Programme 13: Impact of potato technologies developed by the Institute
Objectives
  • Assessment of seed-potato marketing and utilization in India and its implications on farmers’ profitability.
  • To study socio-economic status of potato growers and their adoption pattern for improved potato technology.
  • To assess selected potato technologies and identify technology gap at farmers field.
  • To organize various extension activities for dissemination of potato technology.
  •  To evaluate the effect of various extension strategies adopted for potato technology transfer.
  • Budget allocated: Rs 157.73 lakhs
Programme 14: Populations dynamics and management of potato pests.
Objectives
  • Serveillance of potato pests and vectors in major potato growing regions.
  • Development and testing of Integrated Pest management schedules for white grubs and   whiteflies.
  • Evaluating the efficacy of biopesticides and herbal products against potato pests.
  • Evaluating the efficacy of new pesticide formulations against potato pests.
  • Budget allocated: Rs 243.98 lakhs
Programme 15: Farm machines for potato cultivation
Objectives
  •  Development of implements and machines for small farmers.
  • Design and development of potato combine harvesting and grading systems and machines.
  • Development of farm machines and systems for seed potato production.
  • Budget allocation: Rs 380.0 lakhs

Programme 16: Management of potato nematodes

Objectives

  • To breed and select high yielding potato genotypes with combined resistance to potato cyst nematodes (PCN) and late blight (LB).
  • Developing effective management practices and cropping systems for the management of potato cyst nematodes.
  • Budget allocated: Rs 175.63 lakhs
  • Programme 17: Nutritional value of potato and potato products
  • Objectives
  • To attempt nutritional supplementation for improved nutritional quality of potato based foods.
  • To lower the glycemic index of potato based foods.
  • To determine nutritional and anti-nutritional compounds in potato and potato products and strategies to reduce the intake of anti-nutritional compounds.
  • To prepare novel frozen potato based products with improved nutritional quality.
  • Budget allocated: Rs 338.41 lakhs